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Venous Insufficiency

Venous Insufficiency 2018-01-31T15:01:06+00:00

Venous insufficiency is a disease of the venous system, which can result in varicose veins and spider veins. Both of these progressive conditions create cosmetic concerns, but they can also develop into medical issues as well.

Varicose veins are enlarged and twisted rope like veins that appear near the surface of the skin. While they can develop anywhere in the body, they are most commonly found in the legs and ankles because standing and walking increases pressure in the lower extremities. In normally functioning veins, tiny one-way valves open as the blood flows towards the heart and close to prevent blood from flowing backwards. When these valves malfunction, blood pools in the veins, resulting in a buildup of pressure that weakens the walls and causes them to bulge. Over time, the increased pressure can cause additional valves to fail. This venous reflux, or venous insufficiency, leads to the development of varicose veins and spider veins.

Spider veins (telangiectasias) are similar varicose veins, but smaller and found closer to the skin surface. They take their name from their appearance, which resembles a spiders web. Usually red or blue in color, they vary in size and can be found in other areas of the body besides the legs, including the face.